The term dyslexia refers to a ‘difficulty with words’. There are two main types of dyslexia, auditory & visual. Most people will experience both of these to a greater or lesser degree. The condition itself is a processing difficulty, affecting one’s ability to process written (visual) &/or spoken (auditory) information. As a result, memory often affected.
Dyslexia is one of a number of Specific Learning Difficulties. It is a spectrum disorder, meaning that people will experience different severities over a variety of areas. Dyslexia affects people of all races, backgrounds & intellectual abilities.
Dyslexia is either acquired or developmental. Acquired dyslexia is caused by physical trauma, where as developmental dyslexia (most common) is hereditary. Developmental dyslexia is not necessarily apparent at a young age.
For myself, I often find I miss out words when writing as my brain is working faster then I can get things down on paper. I can also mishear things, sometimes with hilarious consequences! My spelling is good, as is my comprehension, but I do have difficulty with knowing whether words have double letters in them. I also call Dad ‘Dan’ & Dan ‘Dad’! It’s even worse when the two of them are together! I also have Mears-Irlen Syndrome which, while not technically a Specific Learning Difficulty, it is a visual perception disorder that has much in common with Dyslexia & the two can occur together or independently.
Precision tinted lenses or overlays can prove helpful to some people with dyslexia.
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Useful resources –
Dyslexic, British Dyslexia Association. http://www.bdadyslexia.org.uk. © The British Dyslexia Association.
Types Of Dyslexia, Dyslexia Reading Well. http://www.dyslexia-reading-well.com/types-of-dyslexia.html. ©Dyslexia-Reading-Well.com 2013-2015.
Dyslexia, My World Is Not Your World. http://www.hale.ndo.co.uk/dyslexia/index.htm. © 1998-2015 Alison Hale